Particulate Matter Modeling and Health Impact Assessment of Air Pollution
AFRIM SYLA, Fatbardh Syla, Agron Veliu
University of Prishtina Kosovo
Abstract Number: 713
Working Group: Health Related Aerosols
Last modified: April 6, 2011
Although, in the past, industry was the most important source of air pollution in the Area of Mitrovica, with very high levels of air pollution.
In the air quality area the document assumes the compromise of accomplishing the objectives of the European Union. As the objective for PM10 in 2010 is 20 microgram/m3. in 2010 the annual mean level should be the 56% of that of the 2002 year. In 2002 the PM10 annual mean (SD) was 76.2 (56.2) microgram per cubic meter, above the 1999/30/EC Directive limit for 2010 (20 mikrogram/m3), and below that established for 2005 (40 microgram/m3).
Health impact of air pollution has been calculated as the annual number of health events attributable to AP( Air Pollution) in the target population. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the HIA(health Impact Assessment) implies assuming a causal relationship between AP and the effects and, therefore, that HIA can only be performed for those outcomes with sufficient evidence of causality. Once the effects with sufficient evidence of causal relationship with AP have been determined, the next step is to find the best exposure-response functions for each of the selected outcomes.
As far as short term effects of PM in summer are concerned, each reduction of 20 mikrogram per cubuc meter in maximum daily 24-hour moving average concentrations would delay 8 deaths/year in the study area, 4 from cardiovascular diseases, and 4 from respiratory causes. Postneonatal mortality does not seem to be a sensitive indicator to assess the impact of AP (air pollution) by suspended particles on children health.