Developing a System of Multi-Evaluation of the Impact of Weather Changes and Atmospheric Pollution on Human Health
MARIA ARTAMONOVA (1), Georgy Golitsyn (1), Natalia Efimenko (2), Nina Povolotskaya (2), Anatoliy Rogoza (3), Konstantin Rubinstein (4), Leonid Maximenkov (1), Fedor Pogarski (1)
(1) A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, RAS, Moscow, Russia, (2) Pyatigorsk State Research Institute of Curortology, FMBA, Pyatigorsk, Stavropol region, Russia, (3) Russian Cardiovascular Scientific and Production Complex of Rosmedtechnologies, Moscow, Russia, (4) State institution ''Hydrometeorological Center of Russia'', Moscow, Russia
Abstract Number: 248
Preference: Poster Presentation
Last modified: November 9, 2009
Working Group: sq7
Nowadays, in terms of global climate change, accompanied by frequent and severe restructuring of atmospheric processes, thermal anomalies, droughts, environmental change through meteorological and helio-geophysical factors affect the human body particularly intense, causing adverse effects to health.
Improved methodology for predicting biotropic types of weather is needed to improve the meteorologically sensitive people filling under the weather changes, such as extreme temperatures and pressure changes, because the high "meteorological sensitivity" seriously affects human feeling and worsens over patients diseases. It was found that even among healthy people going up to 35-45% are meteorology sensitive.
To solve the problem of physical condition of meteorologically sensitive people under the weather changes, including the level of atmospheric pollution, the task is faced of improving the methodology of integrated assessment of "biotropic" types of weather, which often cause aggravation of various diseases. Our studies have shown the possibility of such an integrated assessment in the form of the "Weather Pathogenicity Index" (WPI). This system, which includes the creation of the "Medical Weather Forecast" (MWF) and WPI, is currently developed for recreational Caucasian Mineral Waters (CMW) region (South Russia).
As a basis of MWF we use a typification of biotropic weather conditions on the basis of climatograms analysis (meteorological conditions, air pollution, heliogeomagnetic activity) and monitoring the health of people with various illnesses in the process of health resort treatment for CMW low-altitude resorts. This classification in modified form is now being adapted to the megalopolis conditions by the example of Moscow. In the originating methodology of multiple-factor estimation of the impact of global climate change on human health in Russia a complex study of the atmosphere condition (especially in the case of inversions, leading to a sharp escalation of air pollution) is included, with simultaneous control of weather biotropism degree at meteorologically sensitive patients during different types of weather: anti-cyclonic, cyclonic, and frontal, causing changes in blood pressure and other adverse reactions of the organism.
The investigation was fulfilled in the frames of Program of Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences "Basic Sciences – for Medicine".